MASHWARA

  1. One person is the Amir/Faisal and he makes fmal decision.
  2. Recite Du’a of mashwara: Allahumma alhimnaa marashida umoorina wa a ‘ethnaa minshuroori

anfusinaa wa min sayyi’aati a ‘amaalina. (0 Allah! Inspire us with Your guidance in our deeds, we seek refuge in You from the evils of our souls and unishment of our bad deed).

  1. Language of Mashwara should be the language commonly spoken by most ofthe participants. Simultaneous translation into other language should be done if needed to avoid miscommunication and confusion.
  2. Brothers can discuss the issue infonnally before the mashwara starts to relate pros and cons ofthe issues. It is useful for the brothers to be fully aware of the issues. However, they should not decide collectively any opinion or form a group with one opinion and try to push through the mashwara. Then, there will not be khair in this mashwara.
  3. Never insist on your opinion in mashwara.
  4. Never take long times with big speech or refer information to justify while giving your opinion.
  5. Opinion should be briefjust to the point.
  6. You should not give opinion unless asked.
  7. Give opinion facing to the Faisal only.
  8. If you are not asked and no one has given opinion similar to your, then you can ask the Faisal for permission to give your opinion. If the permission is granted then you give your opinion.
  9. If any brother gaves opinion what you have in mind then instead of repeating the whole opinion, it is OK to say that my opinion is similar to that ofthis brother.
  10. No one should cross talk each other. No one-to-one talk..
  11. Every one gives opinion only to the Faisal.
  12. Do not make it harder for the Faisal to decide. Help him to decide.
  13. When most ofthe opinions are given, everybody including the Faisal should concentrate their mind towards Allah and pray for best outcome. Only Allah knows what is the best decision.
  14. Once a decision is made, all should whole-hearted1y agree on the decision as your opinion and work to fulfill the desired goal of that decision.
  15. If things go wrong, do not blame Faisal or others but blame yourself for lack of efforts on your part to fulfIll the desired objectives.
  16. Faisal can ask everyone or some depending on how many present. He should get a general consensus about the opinion of general trend and take this into consideration before deciding. It is important to keep the hearts united as much as possible.
  17. Faisal has the right to decide anytime during the mashwara. However, since the work of Da’wah is very delicate, he should proceed with caution keeping his mind towards Allah.
  18. A single opinion of the Faisal cannot cover everybody. Otherwise mashwara is not necessary in the first place. So the Faisal should proceed with ihram, respect to all no matter how bad an opinion can

be and proceed.

  1. No one should ridicule or laugh to any opinion or a new person’s opinion.
  2. Do not show your anger or frustration during mashwara. If you cannot control yourself from this, you should not sit in mashwara.
  3. Even ifyou are an old worker and the Faisal is relatively new, do not show yourself by way of talking that you know the issue and your opinion is the best one.
  4. If you are an old worker, you should help the Faisal in mashwara and not impose your will.
  5. Do not intimidate the Faisal that you are an old worker and he should accept your opinion.
  6. Faisal should not hesitate to ask from anyone including new brothers. History shows that many times opinion from a new brother is a very good one.
  7. You should not have the notion that you are an old worker, you are over confident about the solution of the issue. Learn how Rasul1fi who received constantly all the direction and guidance from Allah, still proceed so cautiously before deciding even simple matters.
  8. Faisal should not be a dictator – he hardly discuss with others or most ofthe time, he decides with minimum or no inputs from others. This kind of Faisal will break hearts of many brothers in the process and ultimately divide the brothers. That will be the worst situation for all workers and will hurt the work.
  9. Sometimes Faisal form a group of his own and decides whatever his group says. This is a very dangerous practice. It divides the brothers and produce loss ofunity. This hurts the brothers and the work.
  10. Sometimes Faisal has a group of his own race and decides whatever his group says. This is even worst than before. It will create division along racial lines among brothers. It is very difficult to heel this situation.
  11. Sometimes Faisal to protect his position forms his group and dictates the decision accordingly. This also breaks the hearts ofbrothers.
  12. At the start ofmashwara, Faisal should ask opinions and then decide. He should not give his opinion first. In that case his opinion becomes fmal decision and then it is not necessary to ask opinions.
  13. Faisal can delegate someone to relate details of the decision to those affected who are not present.
  14. Faisal should keep in mind the benefit of the work as first priority before deciding.
  15. In case Faisal has to leave for some reason, he can delegate someone to continue mashwara on his behalf and decide also if Faisal wants.
  16. Mashwara should not continue very long. Faisal takes opinions and at certain time should make his decision.
  17. Patience is essential in masbwara. There will be ups and downs, sometimes hot discussions, sometimes all have to wait for some infonnation or clarification, eventually Faisa! should decide with positive tone to move forward.
  18. There will be different opinions, sometime conflicting opinion. Faisal should use Hekmat to conver~ to an opinion, which should
  19. Faisal can decide at that sitting or delay his decision to decide later. cover most ofthe opinion.

No one should demand decision then and there.

  1. All those whose opinions are not accepted should thank Allah; those whose opinion is accepted should be afraid of its shortcomings and consequences.
  2. All should agree in the fmal decision of Amir as your opinion. After a decision is made, all should try to work towards that decision.
  3. If the situation changes on which the decision was made initially, a